Urinary dipstick

The urine sample test is positive for bacteria and shows the presence of both red and white blood cells. You suspect that Mrs Violet has a urinary tract infection. What would you like to do next?

Option a: Take a urine culture to check for the presence of bacteria. Also, prescribe antibiotics, refer her to a urologist for cystoscopy and order a computed tomography (CT) scan of the upper urinary tract.

Option b: Prescribe antibiotics, ask Mrs Violet to come back for a follow-up in four weeks and a new dipstick test.

Option c: Take a urine culture to check for the presence of bacteria. Also, prescribe antibiotics and ask Mrs Violet to book a new appointment if she notices blood in her urine again.

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